Situated at 350 mt over the sea level the city of Gravina in Puglia is comletely sorrounded by fertile hills and lies in a valley.
At the border of Apulia with Lucania it is part of the Province of Bari. Its weather is rather temperate, the ground around the city is vey fertile and picturesque having a continue alternate of plains and valleys; it is populated by woods and and vineyards.
The city has a subsoil rich of drinkable and alkaline waters which allow the growth of vegetation and the presence of fountains spread along the streets.
The ideal geographical position and the wealth of the ground allowed the presence of men since very ancient times.
The first human settlement goes back to the Middle Neolithic (5th millennium b.C.)
Starting from the Iron Age there is the birth of a wide agglomerate on the hill called Botromagno, situated in proximity to the actual inhabited areas. Between the 8th and 9th century b.C. the city lives a period of great economic and cultural wealth thank to the influences of the greek world. Towards the end of this period the city, called Sidion, provides itself of big city walls and coins its own coin.
Conquested by the Romans around the year 305 b.C., the city turns its name into Silvium and becomes an important market center along the Appian Way, ancient lines of communication are replaced by more modern and efficient ones, in the while other centers loose their contacts, Gravina becomes the Appian “highway” and becomes place of exchanges and meetings.